Friday, August 24, 2007

A New Era of Spa Therapies Emerge

NEW to American Spas!
Vibrational Essences can delight spa-goer's emotions and invite positive change.

The LightBeings Vibrational Essence collection consists of 47 focused essences (also known as "energies") that help users to overcome life's hurdles and achieve their full potential through Vibrational influence.

Applying the essences synchronizes the aura with the Vibrational energy in the essence. This opens the user to change, emotional walls come down and resistance is released so spiritual healing and growth can begin.

Anyone seeking personal improvement and growth will be amazed at what unfolds - seekers find their answers from within. When LightBeings are incorporated with hands on services like massages, Acupuncture, hydrotherapy, body treatments, facials, reiki, hot stone massages (even manicures & pedicures), they can create a beautiful journey of loving restoration for the mind, body and soul.

LightBeings can also be sold retail in Day Spas and Wellness Centers. Simply anointing ourselves every morning with LightBeings Essences is both enjoyable and meditative. Users can begin each day centering their intentions with essences that will inspire them.

"Adding 2 or 3 different LightBeings Essences to my facial treatments creates a unique high for my clients - there is nothing else on the market like it, clients become very attached to feeling so good." - M.Horan, Licensed Esthetician, Syosset, NY

There are 47 differed themes of Vibrational Essences in these 4 categories:

Ascended Masters (Numbers 1-21)
To develop your abilities to your highest potential

Archangels (Numbers 22-30)
For insight, ease, joy and miracles

EarthAngels (Numbers 31-37)
For integrating us with Mother Nature

Special Essence Series (Numbers 38 - 47)
Special blends and theme-focussed energies

Select the the theme you need right now. Use only up to 3 LightBeings Essences at a time for at least 30 days.

LightBeings are imported from Germany and are available at for Spa Professionals - click here:

Tuesday, August 7, 2007

SoHo Too Cool

Have you ever smelled a product so yummy you could eat it? Well this one takes the cake! This scrumptious hand & foot mask smells decadent. If you love sweet and buttery baked apples, meet your match.
Warning: Hunger pains may start to evolve. Don't do this on an empty stomach.

After doing the standard pedicure procedures (i.e. Soak, scrub, massage - with apple scented foot cream), it's time bask the client in sweet candy apple heaven! Start by mixing the Soho Oatmeal powder with the liquid Apple solution. After applying generously to feet & hands, it will harden right before your very eyes. Clients will begin to feel cool and more refreshed as the mask sets -- they won't want you to take it off. Peel off and proceed to shape & polish toe nails... candy apple red perhaps?

Pick some up for Fall pedicures:

Vita Tanz

SO not your ordinary self tanner. As an Esthetician I am naturally self tanner-phobic. The thought of putting pore clogging and unbeneficial products on my skin, literally makes my hair stand on end. Oh, Did I mention the nightmares of the oomp-a-loompa look?

That was until I tried Vita Tanz. This fearless self tanner "had me at hello". Not only did my skin have a healthy glow and my pores were squeaky clean, my skin felt so soft and hydrated. As Vita Tanz washed off my skin, I didn't even have that dreaded blotchiness of remaining product still lingering. Vita Tanz even comes with a buff applicator to protect your fingers. Fabulous! In conclusion anyone looking for that Bermuda tan in a bottle, your product has arrived.

P.S. Don't forget the sunscreen though. : P

Vita Tanz has been discontinued by the manufacturer, but Pure Spa Direct offers the INCREDIBLE Extended Vacation Moroccan Mineral Self Tanner and Shimmering Sands Facial Tanner - check them out today!

Moroccan Mineral Self Tanner:
Shimmering Sands Facial Tanner:

Friday, August 3, 2007

Close Shave...

I can't be sure, but I think most men are like me -- they hate to shave. The thought of dragging the blade across my face just brings up dread. It takes time, it hurts. Yep, I hate it. I've tried all sorts of products for sensitive skin, with aloe, with topical pain ingredients. No luck. Hate them. Hate, hate, hate. Did I say hate? Redness, blotches, and patches of unshaven hair on your face and neck.

The choices: 1) continue with the hate relationship, 2) forget it and look like Grizzly Adams, or 3) find something better. My razor already has 4 blades and an extra single blade for tricky areas. The handle vibrates like a billion times a minute from the battery inside. So I think I've maxed out on the hardware.

Finally I found the Grooming Lounge line of products. First I'll say that the phrase "line of products" kinda scares me... I like simple. I spoke to a Grooming Lounge expert and figured out what I needed was just 2 items from the line. 2 I can deal with:

Grooming Lounge Beard Shave Oil
Grooming Lounge Beard Destroyer

Both were "manly" enough names for me, so I was ready to try them. All I can say is wow. Even the little ritual for using them somehow adds to the experience. Shower, then re-wet your face with warm water. Shake 3-4 drops of Shave Oil in to your hand, rub all over your face. Squeeze out like a quarter-sized amount Beard Destroyer Shave Cream in your hand, massage it in to your stubble. Put a few drops of water on fingers and rub into cream/beard to activate.

Wow. How wow? Here is what the combo does:
The Oil:
It Lifts Whiskers (with Meadowfoam Oil)
It Lubricates (with Peppermint Oil)
It Soothes (with Avocado Oil)
The Cream:
It Cushions the Razor (with Sandalwood Oil)
It Enhances Razor Glide (with Rosemary Oil)
It Fights Ingrowns (with Eucalyptus)

Grooming Lounge products are THE IDEAL retail item you can offer men. Pure Spa Direct's got em! Click here and see:

Thursday, August 2, 2007


Welcome to the new Pure Spa Direct Blog! Our goal is to add valuable information for our vistiors. Enjoy! --Rebeca

Wednesday, August 1, 2007

Professional Tanning Services: Adding the Perfect Spray Tan to your Menu.

By: Rebeca Cardenas
with Contributing Editorial from Vicki Mayhew and

According to an October 2006 Mintel Report, sales of sunless tanners have experienced growth of 429% from 2001 to 2006.

With this kind of growth, it is no wonder that every year more and more Day Spas, Dermatology Clinics and beauty related businesses are adding sunless tanning products and services to their menus. It seems that sun bathing beach bodies are throwing in their towels for a faux glow and the spa industry is taking notice.

Every year women are spending more on professional procedures to reverse the signs of aging. Lasers, injectables, peels and resurfacing treatments are the anti-aging arsenal of services available. With all the money consumers are investing in reversing sun and age damage, it seems only natural that sunless tanning would be an ideal option for obtaining a "wrinkle free" tan.

The value of adding sunless tanning to your business is obvious and you probably want to know where to go from here. If you have been to any beauty related tradeshows you have likely seen that there are dozens of companies all touting they have got the best sunless system for your business. It can be quite confusing, and they all sound great, but what is the right choice? Companies selling systems at trade shows can range from $300 - $24,000+. We can help you sort through some of the different systems available.

Custom Airbrush Tanning Equipment

Pros and Cons of different Equipment Options - these are generalizations - and some variation can be expected within different brands and product lines. This is a general guide to help you chose what fits your business best.

Airbrush and Compressor (no air tank): (Professional Type)

  • Little overspray/mess in the air with proper PSI (air pressure) adjustments
  • Good for mobile situations
  • Good for lower ventilation areas, though ventilation should still be provided
  • Good for small spray areas
  • Silent systems available, which may be better suited in a Spa or Dr’s Office
  • Slower sessions can contribute to a pampering effect
  • Small compressors are very mobile
  • Good for detail work, like filling in tan lines
  • Small footprint, for easy storage
  • May look less industrial in a spa setting
  • Easiest to use for self spraying
  • Slower spray can make it easier for beginners

  • Typical session will take 25 to 35 min
  • Smaller compressors, though mobile, can be quite noisy and vibrate
  • Some small compressors can become very hot to the touch
  • Brushes require frequent through cleanings
  • Don’t get an underpowered unit, or you will be disappointed
  • Not all airbrushes work well with all solutions
  • Cheap hobby brushes usually spray poorly and unevenly
  • Because of the more tedious application, can also be more difficult for beginners
  • Brush must be held level during use, with minimal tipping to the side

More Info:
Airbrush and compressor systems were the original application medium for Airbrush Tanning. They have been used successfully for a few years, with a large following. I n recent years techs have started trading in their airbrushes for the speedier Spray guns, LVLPs (Low Volume Low Pressure) and HVLP (High Volume Low Pressure) systems. The airbrushes have the advantage of small size, low cost entry level systems, and less mess with proper adjustments and technique. Many people start with an airbrush, and advance to a speeder "gun" system as their resources permit. Typically those who have learned to use a "Tanning Grade" Gun system, with proper adjustments and technique, don't go back to an airbrush.

Spray Guns, AKA "Body Guns" with Compatible Air Compressor:

  • Faster applications, 10 to 15 minutes per application, Sprays about 10 PSI at tip
  • Silent compressor options available (not portable)
  • Faster cleanup then an airbrush
  • Minimal clogging
  • Can be paired with some brands of smaller compressors for mobility
  • Can be paired with large silent compressor
  • Larger width spray pattern than an airbrush
  • Works well for large areas of body spraying
  • Technique and adjustments can minimize overspray

  • Will only work with a limited number of compressors
  • Smaller tank compressors, will need to "refill" with air more often with a spray gun, a larger tank eliminates this problem.
  • Proper gun adjustments are important. Adjusting the flow regulator on the gun can generally improve transfer efficiency.

More Info:
A spray gun, like the models by Iwata and Paasche are the bridge between an airbrush and an HVLP gun. They spray more volume of product then an airbrush, but less then an HVLP. They do not blow air as you go, like an HVLP or LVLP gun will do. These are smaller than most HVLP guns. Think of them as an airbrush with the ability to spray much more product at once.

Side Note:
  • Some companies sell Spray guns, that they also call LVLP or HVLP systems. There is much controversy on whether these are truly an LVLP or HVLP gun.
  • Technically a spray gun has a tip PSI of 10 or greater.
  • HVLP and LVLP must have a tip PSI of less then 10.
  • Most HVLP guns have a tip PSI of 4 to 7 - though Apollo has an HVLP model with 1 PSI at the tip.
  • LVLP guns have a tip PSI of 1 PSI.

Because of the larger air volume requirements - HVLP and LVLP systems are paired with a small turbine, or a very large compressor (no pressure loss from waiting on tank to fill, as one may get with a smaller tanked compressor).

For ultra precision, some techs prefer to use a spray gun for the body and an airbrush for details smaller areas (feet, hands and). Both can certainly be used for all body areas with very good results.

HVLP: High Volume Low Pressure Spray gun

  • Quick Drying
  • Fast application - 3 to 5 minutes, most units 4 to 7 PSI at tip, Apollo version is 1 PSI at tip.
  • Versions with a lower tip PSI create a finer mist atomization for better transfer efficiency on to skin. Good for high volume spray facilities
  • Air drying while you work

  • Hardware store versions created to spray thicker products, and with heavier motors -can create to fast a solution flow, more mess and more product waste
  • Spray guns are heavier, and can be awkward for self spraying or those with hand fatigue or wrist and hand injuries issues (Carpel tunnel, Repetitive stress injuries)
  • Bulky spray gun can be difficult for self sprayers, or use in tight shower stalls
  • Product sprays very fast, can be difficult for a beginner at first, adjustments on equipment, and proper technique will help
  • Must be paired with a noisy turbine

More Info:
An HVLP is a larger bore device then a standard spray gun or an LVLP, with a large air hose, and large inner passages. This creates a large amount of air volume, and a very fast spray application. Because of the air volume requirements, a Turbine is the standard air delivery device. To be classified as an HVLP, the tip PSI must be around 4 to 7 PSI. Apollo Spray Systems have an HVLP brush line for spray tanning with the larger HVLP size, but the lower tip pressure of 1 PSI.

Compressors with Air Tank: (paired with airbrush, spray gun)

  • Low cost
  • Small footprint models available
  • Small very portable units available
  • Readily available

  • Powerful models are generally heavy, less mobile
  • Tank models will need to refill often with a spray gun, unless a larger tank is used - short spray bursts will work best at lessening rapid air depletion.

More Info:
For spray guns - a small compressor will need to run continually to provide consistent airflow for an airbrush or spray gun. Smalls compressors will not provide enough airflow for a spray gun to effectively spray solution, and can also cause fast system burnout.

A compressor with storage tank, often has and "Auto On-Off" feature. This allows the compressor to shut off when tank is full of air then cycling on again only to refill the tank as needed.

Turbines: (paired HVLP Gun/Mist Applicator)

  • Lighter weight then many similar powered compressors, more power less weight
  • Lots of power, for larger bored HVLP spray guns

  • Loud unless paired with a quiet box housing, or Rheostat device
  • Sound muffling boxes can be bulky, look for wheeled versions, which are easy to maneuver
  • Can produce a lot overspray. An overspray booth is recommended.
  • Will not work with an airbrush without modifications

General Considerations:

If noise is a concern...
  • Look for a silent compressor with an airbrush or spray gun.
  • Or a Turbine with an HVLP quiet box
  • You can also place a Turbine in a closet or behind a partition with an extra long hose reaching into spray area

  • Though no air application method is completely mess free a properly adjusted airbrush will have the least overspray
  • A spray gun and HVLP can also provide lower overspray options, but equipment and technique must be correct.
  • HVLP guns with the lower tip PSI have the best transfer efficiency onto the skin’s surface. This can also create less overspray.
  • If gun is to far from body, or solution volume spray is off, you will have more mess and waste - Review the instructions for your product
  • Hardware store varieties will produce more mess
  • Good and properly set up ventilation options should be addressed

Why buy "Professional" grade instead of that cheap unit at Harbor Freight, Home Depot, or Wal-Mart?

Obviously the first consideration is - "How often will you be using your equipment?" If you are simply servicing a few people a week - a $2,000 HVLP system is probably a lot more equipment then you need, or will ever utilize. For low client volume, an inexpensive small compressor and airbrush is probably your best choice.

If you have a high volume of clients, a small compressor and airbrush system could hold you back. You may burn it the equipment out fast, and then have excess down-time while you wait for warranty repairs. This may mean lost customers, who may now go find your competition to maintain the great tan you gave them.

So take some time to assess your situation and your goals both long and short term. Ask yourself how much effort your business plans on advertising and marketing your new service.

A poor quality unit, with a good warranty is still a poor buy - if you have to send it in for repairs or replacement every two months. A cheap system with no after sales support can be a real nightmare if you have any difficulties.

Rather, look at the products involved, the quality, the services offered, the after sales support, the training or resources available. And find out what other pros, who are in the business, like or hate and why?

Other Factors Contributing to your Sunless Tanning Success:

The Technician
Your technician should be well practiced in his/her technique and well educated in the Do's and Don'ts of Airbrush tanning. Technicians are responsible for properly educating your clientele on how to effectively prepare and care for their sunless spray tan so that they remain happy, loyal clients. You can use the best tanning solution in the world, but if your technician is not well practiced and educated, your spray tanning business could be in jeopardy.

The Client
What a client does before or after a spray tan can be critical to its final results. Not properly preparing for their sunless service or improperly maintaining their sunless tan after their appointment can cause poor results. Offer your clients retail products that were specifically developed to keep their sunless tan looking beautiful and bright. Daily moisturization and occasional gentle exfoliation are essential to keeping an airbrushed tan looking flawless.

The Formula
Pure Sunless® uses only the finest grade of DHA & Erythrulose in our premier formulations. In combination with our exceptional array of effective anti-oxidants, extracts and moisturizers, Pure Sunless® can outperform solutions that state the same active percentages in their products simply because our formulations, ingredients and quality far exceed industry standards.

Lasting Impressions - The Art of Spa Beverages

Water - an ever present amenity in spas, so why not make it special?

One of the things I look forward to when spa-going is the quiet time I have while waiting for my treatment. Great spas have a wide assortment of loose and bagged teas, infused waters and juices. It is so fun to try all these varieties before and after treatments and it really helps commence "me time" mode.

From time to time I still stumble accross spas offering little to no beverage assortment for guests. Maybe they will have a pitcher of water (with a lemon wedge thrown in for good measure) and a generic chamomile tea blend. That is almost as bad as being handed a small Dixie cup filled with lukewarm tap water after a great massage! Sometimes it is the small details that leave the lasting impressions.

So why don’t more spas offer their clients something special to drink? Water is an important accent on the spa experience and it can easily be transformed from ordinary to extraordinary. What a great way to remind the guest that every detail of their experience is attended to.

Pure Spa Direct has some ideas on how to enhance your beverage selection to your spa guests. It hardly takes any time to prepare such delightful treats. So here are some simple ways to liven up your drink offerings to clients this Spring & Summer.

Uplifting Citrus Water:
  • 1/2 grapefruit, pink or white, sliced
  • 1 lime, sliced
  • 1 orange, sliced
  • 1 lemon, sliced
  • 1 cup fresh mint leaves

Add all of the ingredients to a clear pitcher and fill with ice water. Best served slightly chilled or at room temperature. Relaxing Herbal Tonic:
  • 4 sprigs (2 in. long ea.) fresh mint, slightly crushed
  • 2 sprigs (2 in. long ea.) fresh rosemary, slightly crushed
  • 6 cups chilled spring water
  • 12 thin slices cucumber
  • 4 thin slices lemon

In a 2- to 2 1/2-quart pitcher, combine water, cucumber, lemon, mint, and rosemary. Serve, or cover and chill at least 2 hours or up to 8 hours. Add ice cubes just before serving. Makes about 1 1/2 quarts; about 4 servings. Summer Citrus Delight:
  • 1 Gallon spring water
  • 1/2 lime, sliced
  • 1/2 orange, sliced
  • 1/2 lemon, sliced

Calming Cucumber Water:
  • 1 Gallon spring water
  • 2-3 slices fresh lemon
  • 2-3 slices cucumbers

Fresh Mint & Lime Cooler
  • Place crushed mint leaves in a pitcher.
  • Fill the pitcher with water and add 1/2 cup of lime juice.
  • Stir well and garnish with whole slices of lime and a mint stem.

Ginger Soda
  • Combine crystallized or candied ginger with club soda and garnish with lemon slices.
  • Also note: For a stronger taste, let the water sit in your refrigerator for an hour prior to serving.

Try This: 1.5 quart (50oz) with side filter for tea bags, limes, lemons, cucumbers, oranges, etc. to infuse into cold water. Even use this heat-safe pitcher to brew iced tea - fill the jar with loose herbs, tea, or tea bags, pour a cup of hot water over the tea leaves, then fill the pitcher with cold water and leave to brew overnight in the fridge. Pop-up lid keeps ice cubes from splashing out when pouring. Won't stain or absorb odors. Scratch and crack resistant polycarbonate is dishwasher safe. If you have a spa water recipe that you would like us to share with our readers please email it to:

Day Spa Glossary / Glossary of Spa & Wellness Terms

  • Abhyanga:
    An Ayurvedic process. A deeply penetrating herbal oil massage that relaxes body and mind, breaks up impurities, and stimulates circulation of blood and lymph. Aids in detoxifying tissues and increase bodily awareness.
  • Acai:
    Brazilian fruit, rich in nutrients and antioxidants used to prevent premature aging and promote cardiovascular health.
  • Acid Mantle:
    The natural acidity of the skin and hair that helps prevent bacterial growth.
  • Acne Vulgaris:
    Grade 3 acne, inflamed lesions and congestion
  • Actenic Keratosis:
    Precancerous growths that develop from reoccurring sun damage.
  • Acupressure:
    A type of bodywork that involves applying pressure to specific points on the body with the fingers, knuckles, and palms to relieve pain, reduce stress, and promote optimum health. This modality was derived in China some 5,000 years ago. Acupressure is part of the holistic system of traditional Chinese medicine that also includes acupuncture.
  • Acupressure:
    Finger massage that releases tension and improves the flow of energy (chi) throughout the body by applying pressure to the "energy points" or meridians in the body.
  • Acupressure:
    Traditional Oriental pressure-point massage used to increase the body's flow of energy.
  • Acupuncture:
    An ancient healing therapy that places tiny needles just below the skin's surface at certain meridians in order to help remove energy blockages and restore health.
  • Acupuncture:
    A part of traditional Chinese medicine, this modality employs the body's own energy to help heal itself. Working with the same points as in acupressure ' an acupuncturist will use tiny, fine needles to increase the flow of energy in the body to relieve pain, reduce stress and promote optimum health.
  • Acupuncture:
    An ancient oriental healing technique discovered and developed more than three thousand years ago, acupuncture is based on Taoist philosophy. The aim is to balance the energy meridians to permit the body to "heal itself. A relatively painless technique, it is administered by inserting fine needles at key points of the body that relate to different organs in order to relieve muscular, neurological and arthritic problems, cure disease and relieve pain.
  • Acupuncture:
    Traditional Oriental healing methods based on Taoist philosophy; needles are inserted into specific points on the body for healing purposes.
  • Adjuvant Therapy:
    A treatment given in conjunction with the desired primary treatment in order to enhance the overall effectiveness of the primary treatment.
  • Adrenal Gland:
    An endocrine gland located on top of the kidneys.
  • Aerobics:
    Rhythmic exercises performed to music that stimulates the aerobic capacity of the heart and lungs, burn calories, and improve endurance.
  • Aerobics:
    Any sustained rhythmic exercise (walking, jogging, dancing) that uses the large muscle groups and increases the efficiency of the circulatory and respiratory systems.
  • Aesclepions:
    Greek healing centers named after the philosopher and healer, Aescleopios; these centers are thought to be evidence of ancient spa and healing techniques.
  • Aesthetic Medicine:
    Use of equipment, such as lasers, to remove scars and blemishes to leave skin looking youthful; administered by a medical professional within their scope of practice.
  • Albino:
    A person with no pigment in eyes, hair, and skin.
  • Algotherapy:
    A seaweed detoxification wrap.
  • Algotherapy:
    A heated seaweed bath that is a form of thalassotherapy. The seaweed acts as an anti-inflammatory treatment and can reduce pain.
  • Alkalarian:
    A person and/or diet that emphasizes use of alkaline food, drink, and lifestyle in order to maintain a balanced acid-alkaline body chemistry for optimal health and vitality.
  • Alkali:
    A substance used to neutralize acids; capable of making soaps from fats.
  • Alkaline:
    A non-acid substance, or base, with a pH greater than 7; usually contains above average amounts of sodium, potassium, magnesium, or calcium.
  • Alopecia:
    Hair deficiency; baldness.
  • Alternative therapies:
    Treatments based on speculative or abstract reasoning as compared to common practice.
  • Amenity or Resort Spa:
    A spa facility located within a resort or luxury hotel.
  • Amino Acid:
    An essential building block of proteins.
  • Aminomethyl Propanediol:
    Substance used to adjust ph levels in cosmetics
  • Amonium Laureth/Sulfate:
    A detergent cleansing agent usually derived from coconut, said to be mild, gentle and effective
  • Anabolism:
    Constructive metabolism; the process of converting living matter to living substances.
  • Anagen Phase:
    The early phase of the hair cycle wherein hair synthesis takes place.
  • Anaphoresis:
    The process of forcing liquids into body tissues from the negative to positive pole.
  • Androgen:
    Hormones that control the development of male characteristics; also the hormone that causes abnormal hair growth.
  • Anerobics:
    Opposite of aerobic exercise, the body uses more oxygen than it takes in, such as in weightlifting or bodybuilding.
  • Angioma:
    A tumor formed of lymphatics and blood vessels.
  • Anidrosis:
    Perspiration deficiency.
  • Anode:
    The positive portion of an electric force
  • Antibiotic:
    Substance produced by microorganisms that destroy or inhibit other competitive organisms
  • Antioxidant:
    Biochemicals that slow down free radicals by donating an electron.
  • Antiseptic:
    Chemical agent that prevents the growth of bacteria
  • Aqua (water) aerobics:
    Aerobic exercises performed in a swimming pool where the water provides support and resistance.
  • Aqua Aerobics:
    Aerobic exercises performed in a pool of water using the support and resistance of the water to burn fat, strengthen bones, and increase cardiovascular activity. The buoyancy of the water reduces the chance of injuring joints or muscles.
  • Aqua Massage:
    Hydrotherapy technique in which a person is submerged in a tub of water and massaged by underwater jets, or hand held jets used by a therapist.
  • Aquaerobics/Acquacize:
    Exercise using water resistance to strengthen and tone muscles.
  • Aqueous:
    Pertaining to water, or watery.
  • Arbutin:
    A natural skin lightening agent consisting of glucose and hydroquinone; derived from bearberry extract.
  • Aromatherapy:
    The use of essential oils to provide valuable therapeutic benefits for the body and mind. These benefits are usually achieved through either inhalation or application of the diluted oil into the skin.
  • Aromatherapy:
    Aromatherapy is the use of essential oils, extracted from plants, trees, and herbs, for therapeutic purposes. Application during treatments such as massage, facials, body wraps or hydro-baths assist with acute conditions, including; acne, blood circulation, detoxification, digestion, and overall stress reduction.
  • Aromatherapy:
    The use of fragrant, natural, botanical essential oils from plants, leaves, bark, roots, seeds, resins and flowers as a healing art. Aromatherapy refreshes and relaxes the skin while soothing the mind by helping to induce a sense of well-being. Each individual essence is used to produce a specific beneficial effect. Used in massage and facials.
  • Aromatherapy:
    This practice relates to therapeutic healing by utilizing the fragrances of natural essential oils to stimulate the senses. Aromatherapy refreshes and relaxes the skin and soothes the mind while stimulating circulatory and respiratory functions. Individual essences are used to produce a specific and beneficial effect.
  • Aromatherapy:
    Spa treatments, such as massage and body wraps that incorporate fragrant essential oils with various therapeutic benefits.
  • Asanas:
    Yoga poses or postures.
  • Asepsis:
    An absence of pathogenic bacteria.
  • Ashiatsu:
    Ashi meaning "foot" and "atsu" meaning "pressure", in this luxurious deep tissue massage the therapist walks along the client's back.
  • Aslan Therapy:
    Developed Dr. Ana Aslan of Romania as an anti-aging formula and procedure, using Gerovital H3 and Aslavital or Novocain.
  • Asteatosis:
    An absence or deficiency or sebaceous secretions.
  • Astrigent:
    Substance that dries or tightens the surface in on which it is applied.
  • Atom:
    The smallest quantity of an element.
  • Atomize:
    Reduce to a fine spray or minute particles.
  • Atrophy:
    A process in which body tissues waste away due to lack of nutrients.
  • Auricle:
    The external ear; also the upper cavities of the hearth.
  • Axilla:
    Under arm hair.
  • Ayurveda Treatment:
    An ancient Indian folk medicine that employs a large variety of treatments by waters to restore and revitalize the body. Ayurveda utilizes the curative properties of plants, herbs and essential oils to improve the skin's health and relieve the stress, tension and emotion of daily life.
  • Ayurveda:
    Founded in India some 5000 years ago, and recognized as one of the oldest medical disciplines, this modality now stretches worldwide. It incorporates a variety of techniques from meditation to massage and from diet to herbal medicines. The Ayurveda belief is that health results from harmony between mind, body and spirit.
  • Ayurveda:
    An Eastern Indian medicinal philosophy using herbal treatments and hot oils, combined with meditation, nutrition and aromatherapy to create an overall balance of self. The Ayurvedic body functions, called doshas, consist of Vata, referring to blood, circulation, and healing; Pitta, referring to heat and metabolism; and Kapha, the structure of one's spiritual and philosophical self.
  • Ayurvedic Massage:
    Similar to the Swedish massage, but with specially formulated fragrant oils, mixed specifically to a client's doshas.
  • Bad:
    The German term for bath. Many German spa towns use "Bad" in their name to refer to the town's emphasis on their mineral springs.
  • Baden bei Wien:
    A spa town located near Vienna, Austria
  • Baden:
    The German term for bathing
  • Baden-Baden:
    A famous spa town located in Germany
  • Balneotherapy:
    One of the oldest medical procedures, balneotherapy utilizes natural elements such as hot springs and mineral waters. It's used for such things as pain relief, increase circulation and stimulate the bodies natural healing mechanisms.
  • Balneotherapy:
    The use of water to improve circulation, strengthen the immune system, and reduce pain and stress.
  • Balneotherapy:
    A therapeutic procedure using purified, mineral, or salt water to improve circulation and the immune system, and relieve various ailments, such as stress and arthritis.
  • Basel Cell Carcinoma:
    Cancer of the basel cell.
  • Basti:
    An Ayurvedic herbal cleansing treatment designed to pull toxins from the colon.
  • Baths:
    The act of soaking or cleansing the body, as in water or stream.
  • Benign:
    Mild; non-cancerous.
  • Bentonite:
    Clay used as an absorbent in cosmetics.
  • Benzophenones:
    Sunscreen used in cosmetics to combat UV rays.
  • Beta-Carotene:
    A precursor that helps form retinol (vitamin A)
  • Biocatalyst:
    A substance, usually involving enzymes, vitamins or hormones, that modifies a physiological process.
  • Bioenergetics:
    A system of therapy that combines breathing and body exercises, psychological therapy, and the free expression of impulses and emotions and that is held to increase well -being by releasing blocked physical and psychic energyBioenergetics - a system of therapy that combines breathing and body exercises, psychological therapy, and the free expression of impulses and emotions and that is held to increase well -being by releasing blocked physical and psychic energy
  • Biofeedback:
    A process used to better understand human behavior in order to develop modification programs to promote well being. The process involves tracking physiological activities and habit patterns using electronic instruments, and recording the data in order to help people better understand their body and change any unwanted patterns.
  • Bioflavonoid:
    Large range of substances containing many fruits and vegetables know to have strong antioxidants to fight cancer, and regulate gene activity.
  • Blackhead:
    An open comedone; plug of sebaceous matter.
  • B-Lymphocytes:
    Immune system cells that produce antibodies
  • Body Brushing:
    Dry brushing the skin to remove dead skin cells and stimulate circulation. Also called dry brushing.
  • Body Composition Analysis:
    An evaluation process used to establish the percentage ratio of body fat to lean muscle; assists in determining individual nutrition and exercise programs.
  • Body Composition Test:
    Computerized evaluation of lean body mass determining the percentage of body fat.
  • Body Polishing:
    Use of various scrubs to exfoliate skin and remove dead skin cells and cleanse the body.
  • Body Scrub:
    A full-body treatment using products such as sea salt mixed with natural oils to assist in the removal of dead skin layers and increase blood circulation. A Body Scrub is sometimes referred to as a Body Polish or a Body Glow.
  • Body Wrap (Herbal Wrap):
    Treatment that involves wrapping the body in heated cloths soaked in special oils and herbs to promote detoxification and healing. Usually part of a longer treatment regimen.
  • Boil:
    Subcutaneous abscess.
  • Borage Seed Extract:
    Contains anti-irritant and anti-inflammatory properties.
  • Boreh:
    Balinese cleansing and exfoliating body treatment using herbs, seeds, grains, special oils and grated carrots to stimulate and increases circulation. Not recommended for pregnant women.
  • Bowen Therapy:
    A non-intrusive therapy using gentle moves on soft tissue at key pressure points to help the body to re-balance itself, release tension and blockages, and to help in the natural healing process.
  • Brush & Tone:
    Dry-brushing exfoliating of skin to remove its dead layers and impurities and stimulate circulation.
  • Brush and Tone:
    Body brushing treatment followed by an application of hydrating oils or moisturizers to soften skin.
  • Buffer:
    Solution that reacts with acids and bases to limit changes in pH.
  • Bulla:
  • Callous:
    Skin that has thickened, usually on the feet and hands at points of pressure or friction.
  • Cam:
    CAM is the acronym for Complementary and Alternative Medicine. Complemenatry and Alternative refer to such therapies and lifestyle sciences as homeopathy, Aryurveda, chiropractic, aromatherapy, therapetic tourch massage and energy work to name just a few.
  • Cartilage:
    A non-vascular connective tissues; softer than bone.
  • Catagen Phase:
    The transitional phase between hair growth and the inactive hair follicle phase.
  • Catalyst:
    Substance that increases the yield of a chemical reaction without becoming part of the reaction product.
  • Cataphoreisis:
    The process of forcing medicinal substances into deep tissues using galvanic current from positive to negative.
  • Cathiodermie:
    Low-voltage electrical stimulation on the face; used to oxygenate the skin and invigorate circulation.
  • Cellulite Treatment:
    This holistic treatment assists with circulation and lymph flow and moves the toxins out of the body, allowing for a more shapely and contoured leg and buttock. This also helps to aid edema and allows for more movement in the knees, hip joints and ankles. This treatment works best if done in a cure series of six. In order to achieve the maximum results, home care is a must.
  • Chair Massage:
    A brief backrub usually performed in a portable massage chair to relieve stress and increase well-being; common to workplace settings.
  • Chakra:
    Refers to the seven energy centers of the body. Taken from the Sanskrit word meaning "wheel".
  • Chakra:
    Energy center. There are seven Chakras that are interconnected. One achieves the state of health and well being when the physical, mental, and spiritual aspects of oneself are balanced and in a state of harmony. Chakras run along the base of the spine to the crown of the head. Meditative disciplines and therapies such as reiki, color and light, craniosacral, crystal and stones are believed to rebalance the chakras.
  • Chakra:
    Ayurvedic for energy center. Many presume there are seven chakras that are all interconnected. When balanced, the physical, mental and spiritual aspects of "self" are in a state of harmony, contributing to a state of wellness and health.
  • Chemical Peel:
    A medical procedure to remove damaged outer layers of the skin through the use of a chemical solution.
  • Chemical Peel:
    Chemically removes the top layer of dried or damaged skin to reveal a more even texture and fresh skin layer.
  • Chi Kung / Chi Kong / Qigong:
    A Chinese energy exercise where breathing and body movement recharge energy.
  • Chi Nei Tsang:
    A massage of the abdomen using circular strokes to alleviate bloating and constipation, and improve digestion.
  • Chi-Kung:
    (see Qigong)
  • Cillia:
    The eyelashes.
  • Circuit Training:
    A high-energy aerobic workout combined with weight resistance equipment in a series of stations, stopping only briefly before each exercise to keep your heart rate within an acceptable range.
  • Circuit Training:
    Exercise routine using weight training equipment that combines resistance with aerobics.
  • Clay Wrap:
    Natural clay is applied to skin to remove toxins and ease muscle pain.
  • Clinical Esthetician:
    A skin care specialist in a medical environment trained to work with skin ailments.
  • Club Hair:
    Non-living hair that is detached from the lower part of the hair follicle, after telogen phase. See also telogen phase.
  • Cold Plunge:
    Person is immersed in a pool of cold water after a sauna treatment to increase circulation.
  • Collagen Facial:
    Freeze-dried collagen is used to plump the skin to fill in the fine lines acquired by stress, sunbathing, or the environment.
  • Collagen:
    The main connective tissue of the skin; responsible for strengthening skin.
  • Colon Hydrotherapy:
    Colon hydrotherapy is one of the most effective means of cleansing the lower intestinal tract and detoxifying the overall system. Waste material that has remained in the colon for some time contributes to many health problems because the waste material causes a toxic condition in the body. If you suffer from headaches, constipation, abdominal bloating or gas pain, irritable bowel syndrome, candida, parasites, food allergies or skin problems, you may be suffering from a toxic colon.
  • Colon Therapy:
    A high colonic enema that cleanses using water. Benefits include detoxification, cleansing of the blood, and the stimulation of internal organs.
  • Colonic:
    The process of cleansing the colon of toxins with an enema developed specifically for the individual.
  • Color Therapy:
    Based on the idea that certain color frequencies hold specific healing energy; applying certain color rays to various areas of the body may correct physical imbalances and promote healing. It is also believed that color induces mood changes in a person, for example increases or suppresses appetite, calming effects, etc.
  • Complementary Medicine:
    Non-traditional forms of medicinal treatments such as herbs, vitamins, and massage; used to relieve various maladies.
  • Compress:
    a folded cloth or pad applied so as to press upon a body part.
  • Constitutive Skin Color:
    Natural skin color.
  • Contouring:
    Deep toning of muscles using calisthenics.
  • Cortex:
    Middle layer of the hair shaft.
  • Cosmeceuticals:
    Cosmetic products that offer therapeutic benefits, such as nutrients and anti-aging elements, along with beautifying and enhancing the skin.
  • Cosmetic Acne:
    Acne associated with the use of cosmetics and comedogenic ingredients;also known as cosmetica.
  • Craniosacral Massage:
    A gentle hands-on massage centering on the head.
  • Craniosacral Therapy:
    Using a light touch, the therapist monitors the rhythm of the craniosacral system of the body to detect potential restrictions and imbalances in the body. Using delicate manual techniques to release those problem areas, the client feels relaxed and energized. This treatment is especially effective for relief of headaches, pain, dizziness, and in rebalancing the body following surgery and injuries.
  • Craniosacral Therapy:
    Massage therapy for the head and neck.
  • Cranio-Sacral Therapy:
    A gentle, non-invasive bodywork that directly influences the brain and spinal cord. It is used to locate and release tension, calm over-stressed systems and over-stimulated nerves.
  • Creative Visualization:
    A relaxation technique that involves the use of mental energy to transform and greatly improve health, beauty, prosperity, and the fulfillment of one's desires. It is usually done while lying in a quiet, dark room while an instructor asks the participants to imagine themselves in a serene, relaxing environment eventually bringing the participants to a state of deep relaxation.
  • Crenotherapy:
    Treatments incorporating vapor, mineral water, and mud.
  • Cryoelectrophoresis:
    Technique for deep conveyance of frozen natural active substances through the skin, to reach a specific target, using electrical impulses.
  • Cryogenic:
    Used to describe systems at very low temperatures.
  • Cuticle:
    The tissue that connects the skin of the finger and the nail plate; also called eponychium.
  • Cybex:
    Patented exercise equipment used for isokinetic strength training.
  • Cytology:
    The study of cells at the microscopic level.
  • Cytoplasm:
    Living matter that surrounds the nucleus of a cell.
  • Dancercise:
    Modified modern dance steps and movements to provide an aerobic work out.
  • Dancercize:
    Aerobic routine using dance
  • Day Spa:
    A facility offering a variety of spa treatments performed by trained professionals; salons that offer spa treatments are referred to as "Salon and Day Spa" , "Spalon" or similar. Visitors can come for a few hours during the day. Overnight accommodations are not available.
  • Dead Sea Mud Treatment:
    An application (as in a wrap or soak) of mineral-rich mud from the Dead Sea used to detoxify skin and body, and to ease painful symptoms caused by such conditions as rheumatism and arthritis.
  • Dead Sea Mud Treatment:
    The application of mineral-rich mud from the Dead Sea to detoxify the skin and the body and to relieve rheumatic and arthritic pain.
  • Dead Sea Mud Treatment:
    Detoxification and exfoliation process using mineral-rich mud from the Dead Sea.
  • Deep (Tissue) Muscle Massage:
    A type of massage designed to free congestion of the muscle attachments. Deep work brings about realignment of postural distortions and restores proper range of motion. Liberation of emotional tensions may also result. Muscle function and awareness are balanced, and elasticity is revived.
  • Deep Tissue Massage:
    See Sports Massage
  • Deep Tissue Massage:
    This type of massage is performed to eliminate knots, locked up areas, and to free up congestion of the muscle attachments. Deep works brings about realignment of postural distortions; restores proper range of motion and may also relieve emotional tension. Muscle function and awareness are balances, and elasticity is revived.
  • Dental Day Spas:
    Day spas that provide dental services such as teeth whitening and porcelain veneers in addition to regular salon services such as facials and manicures.
  • Dental Spa and/or Spa Dentistry:
    A facility whose dental program is run under the strict supervision of a licensed dentist. Services are provided that integrate both traditional and non-traditional dental and spa treatments (such as massage therapy, skincare and body treatments).
  • Dermabrasion:
    Procedure for smoothing skin by abrading the outer layer with a rotating metal wire.
  • Dermal Epidermal Junction:
    The portion of the skin where the dermis and epidermis connect.
  • Dermal Papilla:
    Contains capillaries that give nourishment to hair.
  • Dermaplanting:
    Procedure for smoothing skin by shaving off the outer layer of the skin.
  • Dermatosis:
    Any form of skin disease.
  • Desert Stone Massage:
    This massage utilizes heated and cooled stones (thermo therapy) and essential oils that are applied to the body in various way to bring about relief to stiff and sore muscles.
  • Desquamation:
    Cellular renewal process of the epidermis.
  • Destination Spa:
    A spa, often times located in a secluded or desirable vacation spot, that provides all the services of a regular spa as well as accommodation for longer stays.
  • Destination Spa:
    A spa whose sole purpose is to provide guests with lifestyle improvement and health enhancement through professionally administered spa services, physical fitness, spa cuisine exclusively served, educational programming, and on-site accommodations.
  • Destination Spa:
    An entire program of spa treatments laid out over the course of a few days. Overnight accommodations are available, and guests can participate in weight loss programs, exercise and healing treatments, along with the usual pampering. Guests at these facilities are all on a spa program, the only program that is being offered.
  • Detoxification:
    The elimination of toxin build up in the body through lymphatic massage using essential oils. The application of mineral-rich muds, or dry brushing techniques assist the body in stimulating lymph, and aid in the elimination of toxins. Drinking a litre of water per day will assist in flushing toxins, as will steam baths and high aerobic exercise.
  • Detoxification:
    The process of cleansing the body of accumulated poisons often from over-taxation due to addictive behaviors.
  • Detoxification:
    The metabolic process by which the toxic qualities of a poison or toxin are reduced by the body.
  • Dietitian (Registered Dietitian, R.D.):
    A food and nutrition expert qualified in the practice of dietetics. A registered dietitian denotes a four-year college graduate and registration by the Credentialing Board of Dietetic Registration.
  • Dihydrotestosterone:
    Derivative of testosterone believed to be responsible for increased sebum production in the sebaceous glands.
  • Direct Current:
    An even, uninterrupted flow of current.
  • Doshas:
    Refers to the three Ayurvedic body functions, consisting of Vata, referring to blood, circulation, and healing; Pitta, heat and metabolism; and Kapha, the structure of one's spiritual and philosophical self.
  • Dry Brush:
    A brushing of the skin with a natural-bristle brush to remove dead skin and impurities while stimulating circulation and the lymph system. It's often used in the preparation of the body for massages, wraps or body masks.
  • Dulse Scrub:
    Exfoliating body treatment using dulse seaweed powder, hydrated with water or essential oils.
  • Duo Massage:
    Synchronous massage treatment performed by two therapists on one person.
  • Dysplastic Nevi:
    A mole with an atypical appearance.
  • Ear Candling:
    Ear candles are long hollow tubes made of wrapped muslin that is coated in beeswax. The tapered end of the candle is gently placed into the ear, forming a seal. When the other end of the candle is lit, smoke from the candle tube aids in creating a warm "vacuum" that draws out impurities from the ear canal. Ear candling can help with sinusitis, sinus headaches, hearing loss, tinnitus and vertigo and is a good maintenance treatment for just about everyone.
  • Edema:
    An excessive accumulation of serous fluid in tissue spaces or a body cavity.
  • Effleurage:
    Massage technique involving quick, long strokes at the beginning and end of a treatment.
  • Effleurage:
    Quick, long massage strokes used in the beginning and end of the treatment.
  • Electrolysis:
    Decomposing a chemical compound using electricity.
  • Emotional Freedom Techniques (EFT):
    This unique form of "tapping acupuncture" balances the client's meridian system to relieve psychological stress and physiological pain. EFT has been clinically successful in thousands of cases of trauma and abuse, stress and anxiety, fears and phobias, depression, addictive cravings and hundreds of physical symptoms, including headaches, body pains, arthritis, weight loss and more.
  • Endermologie:
    A treatment that temporarily reduces the appearance of cellulite through the use of a machine that uses rollers and gentle suction to deep massage affected areas. Excess water and toxins are rid from the body. Endermologie results in smoother looking skin.
  • Endermologie:
    A French massage technique used to improve skin quality and define the figure by reducing the appearance of cellulite; performed by a trained esthetician, regular treatments recommended.
  • Endothermic:
    Chemical reaction that absorbs heat.
  • Epilation:
    To remove hair by the root.
  • Erythema:
    A redness, or blush, of the skin.
  • Erythrocyte:
    Red blood cell.
  • Esalen Massage:
    A long, gentle and stroking style of massage.
  • Esoteric:
    New Age massage-like therapy in which hands never touch the body. It is believed to balance energy fields.
  • Essential Oils:
    Oils that are gathered from the "pure" parts of plants like the leaves and the bark. Essential oils are very concentrated. They are often used in Aromatherapy treatments.
  • Essential Oils:
    Aromatic liquid substances which are extracted from certain species of flowers, grasses, fruits, leaves, roots, and trees. Used in aromatherapy, massage and facial products.
  • Essential Oils:
    These natural oils are extracted from grasses, flowers, herbs, shrubs, trees, resins and spinces and can be used in Aromatherapy to soothe, relax, rejuvenate, heal, energize or relieve pain, thereby affecting the body's physical, psychological and emotional levels. Not all essential oils are grown and processed the same and therefore not essential, which means therapeutic. On labels, look for the words (TEXT MISSING HERE)
  • Essential Oils:
    An aromatic, liquid substance extracted from various plants used as part of a cosmetic or therapeutic treatment, such as aromatherapy.
  • Esthetician:
    A skin care professional who performs skin analysis and recommends types of treatment options and regimens for healthier looking skin. Esthetician's work with aging skin, acne skin, dry skin or cellulite. They are also trained in body treatments and hair removal techniques.
  • Esthetician:
    A skin care professional specializing in both heath and beauty skin treatments.
  • European Deep Suction Cleansing:
    A very deep cleansing treatment that uses enzymes and deep suction to remove impurities from the facial pores.
  • European Facial:
    A skin care treatment that includes deep cleansing, steam, exfoliation and professional massage of the face, shoulders and chest area, which nourishes and refines the skin. This is followed by a special masque that hydrates the skin.
  • European Facial:
    A skin care treatment which includes deep cleansing, steam, exfoliation and professional massage of the face, shoulders and chest area which nourishes and refines the skin. This is followed by a special masque that hydrates the skin.
  • European Facial:
    A skin treatment that includes a deep cleansing facial, including the removal of white and black heads often through "manual squeezing", and massage of the face and shoulders to refine the skin; followed by a special hydrating masque.
  • Exfoliating Facial Treatment:
    Peels away dry skin cells and removes deeply trapped secretions that impede oxygenation. Marine sediments, mineral salts, and lipoamino acids can be used to stimulate circulation and add moisture.
  • Exfoliation:
    Removal of dead or old skin cells by rubbing coarse materials over the skin. Exfoliation reveals the younger-looking skin underneath.
  • Exfoliation:
    A process by which the top layer of dead skin cells is sloughed off the face or body whether by dry-brushing, scrubs, or other exfoliation techniques.
  • Exfoliation:
    Peels away dry skin cells and removes deeply trapped secretions that impede oxygenation.
  • Exfoliation:
    This technique involves peeling away dry skin cells and removing deeply trapped secretions that impede oxygenation. Exfoliating facial treatments can include the use of the following to help stimulate circulation and add moisture; marine sediments, minerals salts, and lipoamino acids.
  • Exfoliation:
    The process of removing dead skin cells, while also improving circulation and increasing relaxation.
  • Exothermic:
    Chemical reaction that gives off heat.
  • Extrinsic Aging:
    Aging caused by the external environment; photo aging.
  • Facial Contouring:
    A combination of therapies, including deep muscle massage and acupressure, that tone and tighten up all areas of the face and neck.
  • Facial Rejuvenation:
    Uses gentle, reflexology-type massage to relax facial muscles and freshen up your appearance. May temporarily reduce tension-induced wrinkles.
  • Facial:
    A relaxing treatment that exfoliates, conditions and moisturizes the face. Facials clean out pores and reveal fresher-looking skin.
  • Facial:
    A three-step treatment for the face that is designed to cleanse, tone, and moisturize the skin.
  • Facial:
    A deep cleansing treatment of the face; often includes massaging, toning, steaming, exfoliating and moisturizing.
  • Facultative Skin Color:
    Skin color enhanced by the sun.
  • Fango Body Treatment:
    A body treatment that involves the application of highly mineralized thermal mud to the entire body in an effort to gently cleanse, release toxins, remineralize, nourish, and soothe the skin. Also used to relieve muscular and arthritic pain.
  • Fango Mud:
    A high mineralized mud used in wraps, or facials to eliminate toxins and increase blood circulation.
  • Fango Mud:
    Mineral-rich Italian grey mud used to detoxify and re-mineralize.
  • Fango Therapy:
    Treatment using different types of mineral-rich mud to exfoliate the skin and remove toxins from the body through pores.
  • Fascia:
    A fibrous connective tissue that surrounds and protects muscles and organs in the body.
  • Fast:
    To abstain from certain or all food and drink (except water) for a period of time for the purpose of physical detoxification and rejuvenation.
  • Fatty Acid:
    An acid made from the saturated portions of open chains of hydrocarbons.
  • Feldenkrais:
    A system of bodywork designed to reprogram the nervous system through movement augmented by physical pressure and manipulation.
  • Fibroblast:
    A cell that makes connective tissue, such as collagen.
  • Finish Sauna:
    A dry heat chamber designed to open pores to release toxins wherein water is poured over hot rocks, combined with aromatherapy - usually pine - and a cold treatment, such as rolling in the snow, to close pores and increase circulation. Not recommended for patients with high blood pressure or heart conditions.
  • Floatation (Isolation) Tank:
    An enclosed tank filled with sterile salt water regulated so that its temperature is precisely the same as your body temperature for a sense of buoyancy and weightlessness. You float in complete sensory isolation so that no nerve impulses move from the skin to the brain for a unique feeling of relaxation. Can be used in complete silence, music or guided imagery.
  • Flotation Tank:
    A relaxation and stress reduction treatment using a tank filled with enough salt water so a person can float effortlessly; often times, light and music therapies are used to enhance the process.
  • Food and Drug Administration:
    The national regulatory system that is responsible for the safety and purity of food, drugs and cosmetics.
  • Four-Handed Or Synchronized Massage Also Known As Balinese Massage:
    A massage administered by two therapists working in synchronized movements along the body.
  • Free Fatty Acid:
    Inflammatory byproduct formed within the follicle when bacteria digest sebum.
  • Free Fatty Acids:
    Irritating byproduct formed by the breakdown of triclycerides.
  • Free Radical:
    Any molecule or atom that has at least one unpaired electron, and can exist independently.
  • Free Weights:
    Hand held dumbbells or barbells used to isolate and tone selected muscle groups.
  • Fulling:
    A massage movement wherein the patient's limbs are rolled back and forth between the therapist's hands.
  • Garshan:
    Dry skin brushed with either a silk or wool glove. Enhances circulation and exfoliates skin, preparing body for subsequent oil or herbal treatments.
  • Glycerol:
    Byproduct of the breakdown of the of the triglyceride portion of sebum that bacteria feed on.
  • Glycolic Facial:
    An alpha-hydroxyl acid based facial that breaks down the glue bond that holds dry skin on the face, and then creates a rapid exfoliation to soften lines and smooth the skin.
  • Glycolic Peel:
    This treatment breaks down the glue bond that holds dry skin on the face, then creates a rapid exfoliation to soften lines and smooth the skin.
  • Glycosaminoglycans (GAGS):
    Large molecules in the dermis that contain sugar and protein that help keep the skin moist.
  • Gommage:
    A massage-like treatment using creams to cleanse and moisturize.
  • Gommage:
    Creams applied to the body in long strokes, (if to the face, use short, quick strokes) to cleanse and hydrate the skin.
  • Guided Imagery:
    A relaxation technique that involves listening to music and/or a persons voice for the purpose of allowing imagery, symbols, and deep feelings to arise from the inner self.
  • Hacking:
    A massage stroke made by a chopping motion with the side of the hand.
  • Hair Bulb:
    The lower extremity of the hair.
  • Hair Density:
    The number of hairs per square inch of the body or scalp.
  • Hair Folicle:
    The portion of the skin containing the hair root.
  • Hair Root:
    The portion of the hair within the follicle.
  • Hair Shaft:
    The segment of the hair that grows beyond the skin.
  • Hammam:
    A Turkish or Middle-Eastern communal bathing house with various rooms at different temperatures. Unless you're in Turkey, northern Africa or the Middle East, the term hamman is usually used to refer to ceramic-tiled steam rooms.
  • Hammam:
    Turkish/Middle Eastern steam bathhouse.
  • Hand and Foot Treatment:
    a spa treatment that includes a standard manicure and pedicure, followed by a seaweed or paraffin mask to soften and smooth the skin.
  • Hatha Yoga:
    System of yoga that focuses on physical exercise to gain control of the body.
  • Henna (Middle Eastern)/Mehndi (Indian/Pakistani):
    A natural plant substance decoratively applied to women as part of a ritual or ceremony, such as marriage. Henna is mixed with a liquid, and elaborate patterns are painted on various body parts, such as hands and feet.
  • Herbal Wrap:
    A treatment in which moisture, heat and herbal essences penetrate the skin while the body is wrapped in plastic sheets and blankets to maintain heat and maximize benefits. It is intended to promote muscle relaxation and eliminate toxins.
  • Herbal Wrap:
    The body is wrapped in a warm cloth soaked in an herbal solution to eliminate impurities, detoxify the body, and induce relaxation.
  • Herbal Wrap:
    This detoxification process involves herb-soaked linen sheets wrapped tightly around the body for about 30 minutes. The person is covered with a blanket and has a cold compress applied to the forehead. Not recommended for those with heart conditions, high blood pressure, or pregnant women.
  • Herbalism:
    A health alternative to treating certain ailments with plants and plant extracts.
  • Herbology:
    The study and therapeutic use of herbs in treatments and diet.
  • Hirsuate:
    Coarse long hair.
  • Hirsutism:
    Reference to masculine-like hair on a woman's face or body.
  • Holistic Health:
    A non-medical philosophy of well-being that considers the physical, mental and spiritual aspects of life as closely interconnected and balanced.
  • Holistic Health:
    This philosophy of well being incorporates approaches and beliefs that concentrate on the physical, mental and spiritual aspects of a person being closely interconnected. Holistic health treatments seek to find the "cause" of the symptom or problem instead of just treating the symptom or problem. Often the cause of our symptoms and problems are buried emotions that the body can longer compensate for.
  • Holistic Medicine:
    Similar to herbalism, or all natural treatments, it also incorporates other forms of non-traditional techniques, focusing on the relationship of being one with all elements.
  • Homeopathy:
    A natural system of medicine that uses highly diluted doses of substances (plant or mineral product for instance) to stimulate the body's own healing response.
  • Homeopathy:
    A form of medicine where patients are treated with natural substances, in miniscule doses, to create similar symptoms to those of the disease being treated; a practicing physician is called a Homeopathic M.D.
  • Homogeneous:
    Of uniform nature or quality
  • Hormones:
    Substances that regulate growth and metabolism.
  • Hospital Spas:
    Spas located on site in hospitals designed to assist in the healing and comfort of patients. Often combined with Women's Health Clinics.
  • Hot Stone Massage Therapy:
    A bodywork that involves the use of heated and cooled stones (Thermotherapy) applied to the body in various ways to bring about relief to stiff and sore muscles.
  • Hot Stone Massage:
    Technique using smooth, warm stones applied with pressure, in strokes, or rested on the body.
  • Hot Stone Therapy:
    An ancient healing treatment that uses hot and cold stones on the body's pressure points to both soothe and invigorate muscles.
  • Hot Stone Therapy:
    The application of smooth, basalt mineral stones are heated and combined with oil for this massage designed to relieve muscle stiffness and fatigue while restoring body energy.
  • Hydro Tub:
    Short for Hydrotherapy tub, a hydro tub combines water with air jets and provides underwater body massage to relieve tension in muscles and joints.
  • Hydrocarbon:
    Compound composed of hydrogen and carbon.
  • Hydrocortisone:
    Hormone produced by adrenals that can also be created synthetically. Anti -inflammatory benefits, but prolonged use can destroy collagen and cause skin fragility.
  • Hydrophilic:
    Compounds that dissolve easily in water and usually have a positive or negative charge; "water loving".
  • Hydrophobic:
    Compounds that do not dissolve easily in water, such as oil; "water fearing".
  • Hydrotherapy:
    A form of therapy consisting of a combination of treatments, hydrotherapy uses water to treat disease, stress and tension. Treatments include sitz baths, footbaths and body wraps.
  • Hydrotherapy:
    Treatments using various water techniques incorporating underwater massage, jet propulsion or multi-jet showers
  • Hydrotherapy:
    Water used as a form of treatment by way of jet massages, showers, and baths (Swiss Shower, Thalassotherapy, Jacuzzi, etc…).
  • Hydrotherapy:
    Therapy using fresh spring water. See also balneotherapy
  • Hydrotub:
    Jetted tub used in various hydrotherapy procedures.
  • Hypoallergenic:
    Term used to state a product will not cause an allergic reaction or sensitivity to the skin.
  • Hyponychium:
    The junction between the nail plate and the fingertip; provides a waterproof barrier.
  • Hypothalamus:
    The portion of the brain that regulates the metabolic process; strongly influences the pituitary gland.
  • Impaction:
    Clogged pore.
  • Indian Head Massage:
    An Ayurvedic therapy incorporating medicated oils applied during massage to head and scalp. It increases circulation, exfoliates the scalp and nourishes the hair.
  • Indian Head Massage:
    Massage of scalp and neck to relieve tension.
  • Infant Massage:
    This wonderful treatment on babies allows them to relieve birth trauma, helps with colic, calms and allows baby to sleep. It's a great way to touch and love your baby plus the added health benefits.
  • Inflammation:
    Redness, pain, swelling, and heat caused by the body's reaction to irritation.
  • Infrared:
    Of or relating to the range of invisible radiation wavelengths from about 750 nanometers, just longer than the red in the visible spectrum, to 1 millimeter, on the border of the microwave region.
  • Inhalation Therapy:
    Treatments involving the inhalation of steam; may be enhanced with medicine or natural herb substances. The process is used for respiratory, pulmonary or sinus related ailments.
  • Interferons:
    Proteins produced by white blood cells that help the body fight against disease; manufactured forms are often used to build cancer patients' immune systems.
  • Interval Training:
    A combination series of high-energy exercise followed by a period of low intensity activity.
  • Intrinsic Aging:
    Aging due to genetic composition.
  • Ionization:
    A form of thalassotherapy using salt water that has been ionized with negative ions, may be sprayed on or inhaled.
  • Ionophoresis:
    Passing direct current electricity through a particular part of the body between two electrodes, one of which is made of a simple place of conductive material and the other being made of a small sponge soaked with a aqueous solution of the substance to be introduced to the body through the skin in the form of ions.
  • Japanese Enzyme Bath:
    Wooden tub filled with fibrous material (such as wood chips) and plant enzymes that naturally ferment to create a heated substance. Person is submerged in the mixture to sweat out toxins. Stimulates metabolism and increases relaxation. Treatment time should not exceed one hour.
  • Japanese Facial:
    Facial energizing technique used to stimulate acupressure points on the face and scalp; believed to help keep youthful appearance.
  • Japanese Soaking Tub:
    A deep, round soaking tub for two or more structured to immerse the entire body for full body relaxation.
  • Javanse Lulur Treatment:
    A traditional Indonesian prenuptial treatment combining massage, exfoliation, and bathing.
  • Jet Blitz:
    In alternate streams of hot and cold, pressurized sea water is administered via a controlled hose. Each area of the body is massaged in turn with the water to help move lymph, increase circulation and break down fatty tissue and cellulite.
  • Jin Shin Do:
    An ancient art of harmonizing life energy within the body practiced by placing fingertips over clothing on designated areas.
  • Kapha:
    An Ayurvedic body function meaning the structure of one's spiritual and philosophical self. See also Doshas.
  • Keloid:
    An overgrowth of fibrous tissues; a scar.
  • Keratin:
    A protein that is the main constituent of the skin, hair, and nails.
  • Kinesiology:
    The study of muscle structure and movement.
  • Kinesitherapy:
    Treatment involving passive or active movements of body parts in order to tone muscles and enhance circulation; also known as physiotherapy.
  • Kneipp Baths:
    In this therapeutic healing process, herbal or mineral baths are used in conjunction with nutrition and exercise. Changing between hot and cold baths is a vital healing element in this process. Developed in Germany by Father Sebastian Kneipp.
  • Kur:
    A planned course of treatment or supervised series of spa treatments over a period of time.
  • Kur:
    The German term for "cure". " In European countries, the Kur, or "taking the waters" refers to the healing aspects that mineral waters hold; many people drink or soak in the healing properties of the waters.
  • Laconium:
    Dry heat chambers used prior to some treatments to open pores and detoxify the skin; often used with cold packs or plunge pools.
  • Laser Hair Removal:
    The permanent removal of hair using lasers.
  • Laser treatments:
    Treatments performed by medical professional using lasers to reduce blemishes, wrinkles or other imperfections of the skin and body.
  • Laser:
  • Lentigo:
    A freckle.
  • Leucoderma:
    Abnormal white patches on the skin.
  • Light Therapy:
    Exposes skin to controlled ultraviolet light in order to treat various skin conditions.
  • Lipase:
    Enzyme involved in splitting triclycerides into glycerol and fatty acids.
  • Lomi-Lomi:
    A Polynesian healing treatment incorporating long and broad massage strokes, as well as a rocking motion. This treatment can be quite vigorous, as the therapist uses forearms and elbows as well as hands.
  • Lomi-Lomi:
    Traditional Hawaiian bodywork massage that uses rhythmical, rocking wave movements.
  • Lomi-lomi:
    Hawaiian body treatment that uses long and expansive massage strokes in a rocking motion; therapists may occasionally walk on patients' backs to enhance the massage treatment.
  • Loofah Scrub:
    Brisk rubbing with a Loofah sponge to exfoliate the skin and stimulate circulation.
  • Loofah Scrub:
    The dried sponge from the loofah plant is used as a tool in massage to exfoliate dead skin cells and improve circulation.
  • Low Impact Aerobics:
    A dance-like exercise that does not involve jumping, hopping, or jogging movements, sparing possible injury to joints.
  • Lulur:
    Indonesian body treatment usually involving massage, exfoliation using spices, grains and seeds, followed by a hot shower in order to open the pores. The patient is then covered with yogurt and sent to soak in a soothing bath of flower petals and essential oils.
  • Lunula:
    The semi-circular, white shape at the base of the nail.
  • Lymph Drainage Therapy:
    A type of massage therapy that combats the potential problem of poor lymphatic circulation by stimulating the circulation of fluid in the tissues, encouraging the body to return to its own natural state of health.
  • Lymph Drainage:
    Lymphatic system massage treatment to reduce water retention, increase circulation and drain toxins from the body.
  • Lymphatic Drainage Massage:
    Therapeutic massage that uses a delicate pumping technique to drain lymph nodes of water and trapped toxins.
  • Lymphatic Drainage Therapy:
    A hands-on method of draining the lymph while increasing the natural flow of lymphatic fluid to allow the body to eliminate toxins. Techniques are performed with hands and fingers simulating gentle, wave-like movements that allow lymph to flow effectively.
  • Lymph-drainage:
    This non-evasive therapeutic massage stimulates circulation by utilizing a pumping massage technique to purge swollen tissue (lymph nodes) of water and trapped toxins.
  • Macrobiotic Diet:
    An extremely restricted vegetarian diet, low in fat and high in antioxidant vitamins to achieve a fuller sense of balance by synchronizing eating habits with the cycles of nature.
  • Mandi Susu:
    Indonesian bath using milk, buttermilk, or yogurt.
  • Manicure:
    A treatment for hands and nails. Nails are trimmed, shaped and painted, and hands and arms are moisturized.
  • Marine Hydrotherapy:
    A form of thalassotherapy using water jets to massage and reduce pain, and increase circulation.
  • Massage:
    The manipulation of skin, muscle, and joints (usually by hand) to relax muscle spasm, relieve tension, improve circulation, and eliminate wastes. Over 80 types of massage are in use today. Various forms include:
  • Massage:
    There are over 80 types of massage in use today that are based on concepts of human function, anatomy, and physiology that utilize a wide variety of soft tissue and manipulative techniques.
  • Matrix:
    The formative part of the nail.
  • Medical Esthetician:
    Skin care specialist who works with a physician in a medical setting, usually before and after cosmetic surgery.
  • Medical Massage:
    Massages performed by trained technicians. These massages manipulate joints, muscles and the skeleton to promote better health and pain reduction.
  • Medical Massage:
    Therapeutic massage applied to painful areas to release trapped muscles or to counter ischemia, a condition in which the blood doesn't flow properly to the muscles.
  • Medical Spa:
    A spa that not only provides all the amenities of a normal spa, but also cosmetic procedures that must be performed in a clinical or office setting.
  • Medical Spa:
    A spa that includes medical therapeutic treatments along with the customary spa treatments. A doctor or other health care professional must oversee all medical treatments. Many doctors, such as plastic surgeons and dermatologist are offering spa treatments to aid in their patients' healing processes and comfort levels. According to the International Medical Spa Association:
  • Meditation:
    A state of focused attention through which one emerges into an ever-increasing clear awareness of reality.
  • Meditation:
    A form of concentration usually focused around breathing, relaxation, clearing one's thoughts and becoming one with the inner and outer self.
  • Mehndi (see Henna):

  • Melanin:
    Pigment in the skin.
  • Melanocyte:
    The cell that produces melanin.
  • Melanogenesis:
    Synthesis of melanin.
  • Melanoma:
    A type of skin cancer found in the cells that produce pigment. This cancer can be deadly and is often caused by overexposure to the sun, especially during childhood and teenage years.
  • Melanosomes:
    The membrane packet that contains melanin.
  • Meridians:
    There are 14 tangible pathways that carry energy into, through, and out of your body. They are the body's energy bloodstream. Blockages or disturbances in meridian energies correlate with ill health. Acupressure, acupuncture, reflexology, reiki, energy tapping (EFT) and many self help techniques can all be used to keep the meridians free of blockages and flowing with energy.
  • Mesotherapy:
    A series of nutraceutical injections to the middle layer (mesoderm) of the skin to dissolve fat and reduce cellulite. Mesotherapy is a non-invasive procedure that must be administered by a medical professional.
  • Microcomedone:
    Tiny comedone, naked to the visible eye, but felt within the hands.
  • Microdermabrasion:
    Treatment that uses tiny crystals to remove layers of dead skin cells from the face. Encourages collagen elastin growth.
  • Mitosis:
    Process of cell division.
  • Moor Mud Baths:
    Baths using a natural preparation that is rich in organic matter, proteins, vitamins and trace minerals, used to help relieve aches and pains. The treatment can vary from spa to spa. Sometimes the mud preparation is added to a tub of water, less frequently the entire tub is filled with the thick, rich mud that is purified after each use.
  • Moor Peat Bath:
    Nutrient-rich bath consisting of organic materials; relieves stiffness and pain.
  • Moor:
    German for mud
  • Morphology:
    Massage focused on specific digestive areas in order to improve digestion and eliminate waste. Specialized training required.
  • Mud Treatment:
    A treatment which involves the application or submersion of self into mineral-rich mud in order to detoxify the body, loosen muscles, stimulate circulation, and hydrate & exfoliate the skin leaving it with a vital, healthy glow.
  • Mud:
    Nutrient-rich mud compounds used in various spa treatments to exfoliate and rejuvenate skin. Usually contains therapeutic minerals that claim to have detoxifying and healing effects to aid in the relief of ailments such as rheumatism, inflammation of nerves, etc.
  • Myofascial Release:
    Various massage techniques dedicated to smoothing away knots in the fascia - connective tissues that hold muscles together. The best way to smooth fascia knots is through Rolfing, which can be painful.
  • N.D.:
    Naturopathic physician
  • Nail Bed:
    The skin beneath the nail.
  • Nail Folds:
    The skin that frames the nail around three sides.
  • Nail Plate:
    The visible part of the nail.
  • Nasya:
    Specifically prescribed herbs and oils are inhaled through the nose. Clears sinuses and helps relieve nasal passage dryness.
  • Naturopathic Medicine:
    The study and treatment of acute or chronic medical conditions using botanical (herbs), Chinese Medicine, Nutrition and Homeopathy as a preventative course of medical intervention.
  • Naturopathy:
    Natural healing treatments using plants and flowers.
  • Naturopathy:
    Natural healing procedures and medicines using natural substances, such as flowers and plants.
  • Nautilus:
    Patented strength-training equipment intended to isolate one muscle group for each exercise motion.
  • Neuromuscular:
    Finger pressure is applied to pressure points. Similar to shiatsu in feel, but more focused on relieving pain; used for breaking cycles of muscle spasms.
  • Nevus:
    A non-cancerous growth on the skin.
  • NIA (Neuromuscular Integrative Action):
    Exercise routine combining yoga, martial arts and various dance steps.
  • NIA:
    Non-impact aerobics class.
  • Nutraceuticals:
    Skin care formulas using food ingredients for their natural revitalizing materials, such as pineapple enzymes, or exfoliation products containing nuts or seeds.
  • Oleation:
    Ayurvedic treatment combining friction massage and blended essential oils.
  • Onsen:
    A natural Japanese mineral thermal spring.
  • Organelle:
    Part of a cell.
  • Oscillating:
    To swing back and forth with a steady, uninterrupted rhythm.
  • Oshandhi:
    Warm, moist herbal wrap using dosha-specific oils. Calms and relaxes the physiology, while encouraging the elimination of toxins.
  • Oxidation:
    The process of an atom or molecule losing an electron; adding oxygen to a substance.
  • Oxygen Facial:
    Oxygen is used to cleanse and refresh. This treatment utilizes oxygen and other nutrients that are applied topically onto the face to stimulate and increase circulation, creating a warm, healthy glow which helps to prevent breakouts, diminish fine lines and acts as a buffer to the effects of environmental pollution. Especially good for smokers and as part of an anti-aging facial regimen.
  • Oxygen Facial:
    Facial treatment using oxygen and various nutrients (spray or topical application) to revitalize collagen levels in the skin in order to enhance youthfulness.
  • Oxygen Therapy (Facial):
    A procedure combining different vitamins, minerals, amino acids and enzymes, as well as pure oxygen to cleanse, hydrate and rejuvenate the face.
  • Oxygenate:
    Cleansing and revitalizing facial skin using pure oxygen. Regular treatments can reduce premature aging.
  • Ozokerite:
    Mineral used as a thickening agent in cosmetics, especially lipsticks and stick foundations.
  • P. Acnes:
    Bacteria associated with the sebaceous follicle.
  • Panchakarma:
    Ayurvedic purification treatments incorporating essential oils, massage and meditation.
  • Papule:
    Pimple; small -circumscribed elevation on the skin containing no fluid.
  • Parafango:
    A spa treatment that combines mud and paraffin wax.
  • Parafango:
    A treatment incorporating paraffin and mineral-rich volcanic mud. See also Fango Therapy.
  • Paraffin Body Wrap:
    A process of removing dead skin cells with hot oil and Japanese dry brushing techniques. Then an emollient wax is applied to the entire body for an intense hydrating treatment.
  • Paraffin Poultices:
    These are soft, heated, compresses of paraffin wax are applied to areas of the body to relieve soreness and inflammation. This treatment is exceptionally effective in treating arthritis, joint stiffness and sports related injuries when combined with massage therapy. The soothing deep heat of the paraffin penetrates to relieve muscular pain, promote circulation and leave the body deeply relaxed.
  • Paraffin Treatment:
    A treatment in which heated paraffin wax is applied to body parts (mostly feet or hands) to help eliminate toxins as well as softening the skin. Usually administered to enhance a manicure or pedicure.
  • Paraffin Treatment:
    Melted paraffin is applied to the skin to trap heat, absorb toxins, and induce relaxation. After solidifying, it is briskly whisked off leaving the skin silky smooth.
  • Paraffin Wrap:
    Melted paraffin wax is brushed on to help relax muscles and soften skin.
  • Paraffin:
    Heater or melted wax is used in various treatments and applied to the skin to trap heat, absorb toxins from the skin, and induce relaxation while leaving the skin silky smooth.
  • Paraffin:
    Warm, melted wax enriched with hydrating substances such as menthol and essential oils.
  • Parcours:
    An outdoor trail that contains various exercise stations of increasing difficulty along the way. Trail is usually less than 2 miles; also spelled parcourse or called vitacourse.
  • Parcourse:
    An outdoor path or trail with exercise stations along the way provided with instructions and equipment.
  • Pedicure:
    A treatment for feet and nails. Nails are trimmed, shaped and painted, and legs and feet are moisturized.
  • Permanent Makeup:
    Permanent pigment applied to the skin by a technician to create the appearance of makeup.
  • pH:
    Measurement of the degree of acidity or alkalinity of a solution of a scale of 1 -14 with anything below 7 being acidic and anything over 7 being alkaline.
  • Photofacial:
    A treatment that uses high intensity pulses of light to help reduce fine lines, sun damage, etc.
  • Physiochineitherapy:
    Therapy incorporating heat, light, electrical and mechanical movements to rejuvenate strength and flexibility.
  • Phytotherapy:
    Healing through plants, involving the use of herbs, aromatic essential oils, seaweeds, herbal and floral extracts.
  • Phytotherapy:
    A system of Western herbal medicine, combining tradition with science.
  • Pilates (Method):
    Strength training movements involving coordinated breathing techniques developed in Germany by Dr. Joseph Pilates during the 1920s.
  • Pilates:
    Devised by Dr. Joseph Pilates, to assist dancers with damaged muscles, Pilates is a series of muscle resistant exercises incorporating precise movements. Performed on a floor mat or specially-designed equipment, the series of exercises can help strengthen and re-align the body as well as help flexibility. A number of spas and wellness centres now offer Pilates classes along with Yoga classes.
  • Pilates:
    Strength training and conditioning program Invented by Dr. Joseph Pilates of Germany. It uses specialized stretches to tone muscles, often performed on Pilates equipment or floor mats.
  • Piloga:
    An exercise routine combining Pilates and yoga.
  • Pilo-Sebaceous Unit:
    Unit comprised of the follicle, the hair and the sebaceous gland.
  • Pinda Swedana:
    Deep massage using rice boiled in milk and herbs. Relaxing, rejuvenation, and detoxifying.
  • Pitta:
    Term for one of Ayurvedic body functions, referring to heat and metabolism. See also Doshas.
  • Pituitary Gland:
    The hormone-secreting gland found at the base of the brain that regulates hormones.
  • Pizichilli:
    A continuous stream of warm herbal oil is poured over the body as two therapists gently massage.
  • Plunge Pools:
    Two pools filled with hot and cold water revitalize circulation as the person immerses themselves in each, alternating hot and cold. Also known as Roman pools.
  • Polarity Massage:
    Massage technique to promote balance of energy in the body; often incorporates gentle rocking motions. Developed by Dr. Randolph Stone.
  • Polish:
    A gentle process using large sea sponges to cleanse, exfoliate, hydrate, and soften the body.
  • Polypeptide:
    A molecule made of many joined amino acids.
  • Polysaccharide:
    A sugar, such as glycogen, starch and cellulose; carbohydrate composed of many monosaccharide units.
  • Power Yoga:
    A form of yoga with an accelerated succession of yoga body postures.
  • Pregnancy Massage:
    A special massage for pregnant women that helps reduce some of the pains and stresses that come with pregnancy. Increases circulation and oxygen flow.
  • Pregnancy Massage:
    This specialty massage is performed to meet the needs of mothers-to-be by creating a relaxing approach to relieve leg cramping, lower back pain, water retention and fatigue. Pregnant women 12 weeks to full term need written approval from their doctor.
  • Pressotherapy:
    A computer controlled compression system which operates using specialized inflatable pumps. The process focuses on moving lymph flow, starting from the ankles and moving to the upper thighs. It also increases blood circulation and helps reduce bloating and swelling by eliminating extra fluids.
  • Pressure Point Massage:
    Targeting specific areas of the muscles, this massage strives to release built up tension and strain.
  • Probiotics:
    Live organisms which can be good for digestion when taken in proper amounts and combinations. Foods such as bananas, raisons and prunes are high in probiotics.
  • Prolotherapy:
    An irritant solution is injected into soft tissues, such as ligaments or tendons, to promote healing in the area.
  • Pus:
    Fluid product of inflammation, consisting of a liquid containing white blood cells, dead cell debris and tissue elements.
  • Pustule:
    Pus filled lesion raised above the surface of the skin.
  • Qigong / Chi Kung / Chi Kong:
    A Chinese energy exercise where breathing and body movement recharge energy.
  • Qigong:
    Chinese exercise focusing on breathing and body movements to increase energy, balance and overall health. Also spelled Chi Kung.
  • Radon Therapy:
    European spa Treatment involving an inert natural gas believed to stimulate organ functions and improve gland secretions without harmful effects of radiation.
  • Raindrop Therapy:
    Certain therapeutic essential oils are systematically applied to both sides of the spinal column in a set layered method then massaged gentle over the back to identify acidity or alkaline in the body. Acidity might mean you have a lot of free radicals floating within that could comprise the immune system making you more susceptible to colds and flues. An alkaline state signals a healthier you and a boosted immune system. The treatment assists with medical conditions such as arthritis, depression and nervous system disorders.
  • Rakata Mokshana:
    Traditionally, blood letting. Today this step is often used to cleanse the blood using herbs.
  • Rassoul Chamber:
    This treatment is designed for couples. Each is placed on heated porcelain and affectionately applies rassoul mud to their partner. The setting of soothing music and romantic lighting is used to stimulate emotion as the mud dries.
  • Rassoul:
    Found in Morocco, this mineral-rich mud-like compound is used to revitalize and condition hair, and exfoliate facial skin.
  • Rasul:
    Body treatment beginning with a warm shower using seaweed soap, followed by mud application, and completed with an herbal steam bath.
  • Rebirthing:
    A yoga breathing technique used with guided meditation to clear the mind.
  • Rebounder:
    A miniature trampoline.
  • Reflex:
    An involuntary and immediate response to a stimulus.
  • Reflexology:
    A holistic therapy based upon the idea that certain reflex points in the hands and feet correspond to certain organs and systems in the body. Reflexology works these reflex points in order to unblock energy pathways and encourage the correct flow of "chi" or vital force throughout the body.
  • Reflexology:
    Originating in Egypt and China, this ancient healing therapy utilizes pressure points in the hands and feet to stimulate corresponding organs within the body. This stimulation taps into energy resources, thus creating a balance of the body's energy. The practice has been effective in strengthening the immune system and identifying potential weaknesses within the body.
  • Reflexology:
    An ancient Chinese technique in which specific pressure points (usually on the feet, but also on the hands and ears) are massaged in order to re-establish the flow of energy throughout the body.
  • Reflexology:
    This ancient Chinese technique involves massage of specific pressure points (usually on the feet, but also on the hands and ears) to help re-establish the flow of energy and pressure while relieving stress throughout the body.
  • Reflexology:
    Shiatsu-like finger pressure is applied to pressure points on the hands and feet, which are believed to correspond to all glands and organs in the body. Used for relieving tension and improving circulation; also performed on the earlobes.
  • Reiki:
    A gentle Japanese technique that employs the laying on of hands to align the individual charkas to assists with the proper flow of energy.
  • Reiki:
    The Ancient Art and Science of balancing the body's energy on a physical and emotional level.
  • Reiki:
    A holistic alternative treatment based on Eastern concepts of energy flow through the seven main chakras of the body. Not a traditional massage, reiki is a hands-on technique that heals emotionally, spiritually and physically through the transmission of universal life energy.
  • Reiki:
    An ancient Japanese massage technique wherein the therapist uses stationary palm positioning and pressure to relieve specific tension points.
  • Repaichage:
    A combination of herbal, clay, seaweed or mud face-packs to cleanse and moisturize.
  • Retention Hyperkeratosis:
    Newly formed cells accumulating and retained in a thickening layer along the follicle wall.
  • Reticular Dermis:
    The portion of the dermis containing most of the connective tissue; located above the adipose layer of the skin.
  • Rolfing:
    Bodywork technique that improves balance and flexibility through deep manipulation of rigid muscles, bones, and joints; intended to relieve stress and improve energy.
  • Rolfing:
    System developed by biochemist Ida Rolf, designed to improve energy flow and relieve stress through deep manipulation of muscles, bones and joints; can be painful due to deep muscle manipulation.
  • Roman Bath Houses:
    A mosaic of architectural beauty that dates back to 200 B.C., Roman bath houses are believed to have been one of the first known places of treatment for the immune and circulatory systems. The bath houses normally houses a number of hot and cold areas including warm salt-water pools, cold water pools, steam rooms and ice-water showers.
  • Roman Bath:
    Developed in ancient Rome, a whirlpool bath alternating warm, hot and cold water to improve circulation.
  • Rosen Method:
    It is said that "the body remembers all of life's traumas," meaning experiences and memories are stored in the body in the form of stress, causing chronic muscular tension and pain. By meeting the tension with gentle hand pressure, monitoring the breathing and asking questions, the practitioner facilitates the release of stress and locked-up memories.
  • Russian Bath:
    A wooden room heated by rocks that radiate intense heat, while ice cold water is provided to douse your entire body which both eliminates toxins, while encouraging blood circulation, in addition to boosting your immune system.
  • Russian Steambath:
    Sauna-like chambers designed to treat the body with steam, heat and water. Alternating between hot and cold, massages are given in the chambers with oak leave branches soaked in hot soapy water
  • S.P.A.:
    An abbreviation for the Latin phrase "solus per aqua" , meaning "to enter by means of water", or "health through water".
  • Salt Glow:
    An exfoliating rub using salts.
  • Salt Glow:
    An exfoliating treatment where the body is rubbed with coarse salt to remove the top layer of dead skin and stimulate circulation.
  • Salt Glow:
    An exfoliating treatment where the body is rubbed with coarse salt in circular or elongated strokes to remove the top layer of dead skin and stimulate circulation.
  • Salt Glow:
    Rubbing coarse salt over the body to remove dead skin cells; often incorporates circular or long strokes to exfoliate and improve circulation. Not suitable for clients with high blood pressure or heart conditions.
  • Sauna:
    Dry heat in a wooden room used to open the pores and eliminate toxins through sweat.
  • Sauna:
    A heated wooden room with benches for sitting as the dry heat opens pores and allows toxins to sweat out. It is recommended that it be followed by a cold shower or cold plunge to close pores. The process may be repeated.
  • Sciatic Nerve:
    The nerve that runs down the back of the thighs.
  • Scotch Hose Massage:
    A massage received in a standing position performed by a therapist who uses a hose to spray strong jets of water on the body alternating hot and cold water or using seawater.
  • Scotch Hose Therapy:
    Scotch Hose an invigorating hydrotherapy treatment. The use of alternating warm and cool water, through a high velocity water wand (or hose), is controlled by a body treatment specialist. Scotch Hose units work to speed up the client's metabolism through hot and cold pressurized water and direct contact to the client's specific points of pressure.
  • Scotch Hose:
    Water treatment using pressurized hoses on specific pressure points on the body, while alternating hot and cold water to relieve tension and improve circulation.
  • Seaweed Wrap:
    A detoxifying wrap using mineral-rich seaweed to help pull impurities from the skin.
  • Seaweed Wrap:
    A body wrap or mask of concentrated sea water and seaweed which helps release toxins and revitalize the skin.
  • Seaweed Wrap:
    A wrap of concentrated sea water and seaweed which diffuses minerals, rare elements, vitamins, proteins in the blood stream to revitalize the skin and the body.
  • Seaweed Wrap:
    A wrap incorporating seaweed and nutrient-rich marine algae.
  • Self-Tanning:
    Treatments that provide natural-looking tans without exposure to harmful UV rays.
  • Shiatsu:
    An acupressure massage technique developed in Japan. A therapist applies pressure to specific pressure points in the body to stimulate and unblock'meridians' or energy channels.
  • Shiatsu:
    Acupressure massage technique in which pressure is applied to specific points of the body to stimulate or release the 'meridians' (paths of the body) through which energy flows.
  • Shiatsu:
    Japanese acupressure massage technique; pressure applied with fingers, hands, elbows and feet.
  • Shiro Dhara:
    Ayurvedic treatment in which warm oil is gently poured over the center of the forehead and tenderly massaged into hair and scalp.
  • Shiro-Abahyanga-Nasya:
    Combines deep head, neck and shoulder massage with a facial lymphatic massage, followed by the inhalation of aromatic steam and a nasal and sinus Nasya with herbal nose drops; balances and alleviates most head, neck and respiratory disorders.
  • Shortwave:
    A type of high-frequency current used to permanently remove hair.
  • Siddha Vaidya:
    Ayurvedic medical treatment using plant substances to balance a person's dosha. See also Kapha, Pitta, Vata.
  • Sodium Hydroxide:
    Lye, an alkaline ingredient used to modify ph of a formula. Also used as a cleansing agent.
  • Soft Pack System/Dry Floatation:
    Patient sinks into a dry waterbed while wrapped in heated mud or herbal applications.
  • Solvent:
    Large group of ingredients, including water, used to dissolve or break down other ingredients in a formula. Also used to degrease skin and reduce sebum.
  • Sound Therapy:
    Using soothing sounds and tones to promote healing and the realignment of body rhythms.
  • Spa Cuisine:
    Fresh natural foods low in fat and calories with an emphasis on whole grains, fresh fruits and vegetables, lean proteins, low-fat dairy products, and the avoidance of added or artificial salts, colors, flavors, or preservatives.
  • Spa Pedicure or Manicure:
    This manicure or pedicure utilizes water in a basin with jets that softens the cuticles and promotes relaxation through a variety of essential oils, lotions and stimulation techniques.
  • Spa:
    A Belgian town where Roman soldiers discovered the healing elements of the towns' mineral springs.
  • Spa:
    A center for relaxation, rejuvenation, exercise, and various treatments (often involving massages, skin treatments, etc.) Various types of spas exist, including:
    • AMENITY SPA or RESORT SPA - A spa facility located within a resort or luxury hotel.
    • DAY SPA – A facility offering a variety of spa treatments performed by trained professionals; salons are often included. Visitors can come for a few hours during the day. Overnight accommodations are not available.
    • DESTINATION SPA – An entire program of spa treatments laid out over the course of a few days. Overnight accommodations are available, and guests can participate in weight loss programs, exercise and healing treatments, along with the usual pampering. Guests at these facilities are all on a spa program, the only program that is being offered.
    • MEDICAL SPA – A spa that includes medical therapeutic treatments along with the customary spa treatments. A doctor or other health care professional must oversee all medical treatments. Many doctors, such as plastic surgeons and dermatologist are offering spa treatments to aid in their patients’ healing processes and comfort levels. According to the International Medical Spa Association: A medical spa is a facility that operates under the full-time, on-site supervision of a licensed health care professional. The facility operates within the scope of practice of its staff, and offers traditional, complementary, and alternative health practices and treatments in a spa-like setting. Practitioners working within a medical spa will be governed by their appropriate licensing board, if licensure is required.
    • HOSPITAL SPAS – Spas located on site in hospitals designed to assist in the healing and comfort of patients. Often combined with Women’s Health Clinics.
    • WELLNESS CENTER – Owned by physicians or entrepreneurs - and encompass many of the same services as the medical/hospital facilities if physician owned. If privately owned, facilities will have a licensed healthcare professional as Medical Director.
    Spa Cuisine: Food served at a spa often consists of fresh fruits, vegetables, fish and whole grains to provide natural low-calorie and low-fat meals.
  • Spinning:
    Stationary bicycle routine guided by an instructor. A video projection is often used to portray soothing scenes associated with outdoor cycling.
  • Spinning®:
    An aerobic series of exercises seated on special exercise bikes: stretching, low intensity aerobics, high intensity aerobics, body contour, yoga, and meditation.
  • Sports Massage/Deep Tissue Massage:
    A massage that pays attention to sports related muscle groups, using slow, deep movements to manipulate muscles and joints. Can help reduce scar tissue and stress on the body.
  • Sports Massage:
    Massage of foundation tissues directed specifically at the muscles used in athletic activities. This is a deep muscle massage often used around the joints. It combines classical Swedish style with trigger points, compression and electro-neuromuscular techniques to reduce soreness.
  • Sports Massage:
    Massage done to relieve tension and specific muscle tightness caused by sports or other strenuous activities; often involves deep tissue massage strokes.
  • Squamous Cell Carcinoma:
    Cancer of the cells that make up the outer layer of the skin or epidermis; appear like fish scales.
  • Steam Room:
    Similar to a Turkish bath where hot steam is used to help relax the body and eliminate toxins.
  • Steam Room:
    Tiled room in which steam is generated at high pressure and temperature to open the pores and eliminate toxins.
  • Steam Room:
    Similar to a sauna, this room provides hot steam to open pores in order for toxins to exit the body.
  • Step Aerobics:
    Aerobic exercise routine involving rhythmic stepping on and off a platform that is three or more inches high.
  • Step Class / Step Aerobics:
    Rhythmic aerobic sessions performed with a small platform used to step up and down.
  • Stratum:
    Tissue layers.
  • Subcutaneous:
    Under the skin.
  • Sugaring:
    An ancient hair removal process.
  • Sun Protection Factor:
    Often referred to as SPF; the rating for sunscreens. Recommended SPF 15 or higher.
  • Sweat Lodge Ceremony:
    An ancient Native American body purification process involving the use of intense heat to provoke visions and insights.
  • Sweat Lodge:
    A spiritual ceremony linked with Native Indian culture taking place in a small, enclosed hut or other structure, and following the tradition of mind, body and spirit purification.
  • Sweat Lodge:
    A natural sauna made of heated rocks inside a mud hut, attributed to the Native American Indians. See also sauna.
  • Swedana:
    An herbal steam treatment that reduces tension and releases toxins through the skin.
  • Swedish Massage:
    The term "Swedish massage" refers to the various techniques designed to relax muscles by applying pressure to them against deeper muscles and bones, and rubbing in the same direction as the flow of blood returning to the heart. This increases oxygen flow in the blood while reducing toxins in the muscles. Swedish is probably the most well known and most widely requested massage.
  • Swedish Massage:
    A classical European massage technique of the muscles with special oils by therapeutic stroking and kneading of muscle tissue to promote stress relief. It is used to improve circulation, relieve muscle pain and tension, increase flexibility and induce relaxation. It combines three basic strokes to the skin: long, firm strokes; kneading strokes; and small circles. This is the most requested and one of the most enjoyable massages.
  • Swedish Massage:
    This classical European massage technique combines three basic strokes to the skin:
  • Swedish Massage:
    Developed in the late 19th century by Par Heinrik Ling in Stockholm, this massage involves kneading, firm stroking and tapping of pressure points; lotions or oils are often used for lubrication.
  • Swiss Shower:
    Powerful shower jets that alternate hot and cold water are directed onto the body at various levels to produce the effect of an invigorating massage.
  • Swiss Shower:
    A multi-jet shower that alternates hot and cold water to relieve tension and improve circulation. Typically used after mud treatments or wraps.
  • Sympathetic Nervous System:
    The system that controls involuntary muscles, affecting respiration, circulation and digestion.
  • Tactile Corpuscle:
    Nerve endings within the skin.
  • Tai Chi:
    A Chinese martial art of stylized gestures regulated by deep breathing and precise movement and postures.
  • Tai Chi:
    Ancient Chinese martial arts involving slow, graceful movements while focusing on relaxed breathing and concentration.
  • T'ai Chi:
    A form of Chinese martial art that combines mental concentration, slow respiration and graceful movements similar to those of a dance; "meditation in motion".
  • Tamazcal:
    A traditional Mayan sweat lodge where the heat helps a body to relax, opens the pores, and helps in the elimination of toxins, body, mind and spirit.
  • T-Cell:
    A lymphocyte that fights off unfamiliar invaders in the body.
  • Telogen Phase:
    The last phase in the hair cycle wherein the hair rests in the follicle until it is shed and the cycle begins again.
  • Telomeres:
    The ends of chromosomes; involved in replication and stability of DNA.
  • Temazcal:
    Aztec sweat lodge, dark, brick or stone filled with intense heat and steam to detoxify the body, while the dark relaxes the mind.
  • Terminal Hair:
    The soft, long hair found on the legs, arms and scalp.
  • TEWL:
    Trans Epidermal Water Loss; dehydration, or loss of water from the skin.
  • Thai Massage:
    An ancient Asian practice incorporating the principles of yoga, meditation, and acupressure techniques. It treatment assists with the release of stagnant energy within the body, while incorporating range of motion and increased mobility. You'll need to wear loose, comfortable clothing.
  • Thai Massage:
    A technique that involves a unique combination of gentle rocking and stretching using range of motion and acupressure techniques applied through clothing without oils.
  • Thai Massage:
    The therapist uses deep tissue and acupressure massage, along with yoga positioning as the patient lies on a floor mat. This massage helps align the skeletal system, ease muscle stiffness and promote relaxation.
  • Thalassotherapy:
    From the Greek word for sea ' thalassa ' and the Greek word for treatment ' therapia ' Thalassotherapy uses seawater and seawater products such as seaweed and algae. True thalassotherapy centers have to located seaside where the water, algae, mud and other substances are especially treated and purified for inclusion in the therapies.
  • Thalassotherapy:
    The use of sea products used to detoxify, exfoliate, balance the skin's pH, and hydrate.
  • Thalassotherapy:
    From the Greek term "thalassa" or sea. Hydrotherapy treatment using fresh sea water and mineral-rich marine products that have curative properties.
  • Therapeutic Touch:
    Hands are used to re-direct energies to help or heal someone who is ill. Touch therapists say that a client's energy field can be detected and intentionally re-focused for the promotion of health and well-being.
  • Therapies:
    Therapies designed especially for spa facilities to relax, modify, stimulate, and heal the body often contain the following prefixes:
    o Aroma - essential oils
    o Balneo - using hot spring mineral water
    o Hydro - water
    o Masso/Presso - manipulation of pressure points
    o Physio- any of the masso/presso, thermal and mechanical adaptations
    o Phyto - plant
    o Radon- inert gas
    o Thalasso - sea water and marine products
    o Thermal - heat, wet and dry
  • Tooth Whitening:
    A procedure to whiten stained and yellow teeth. Dental day spas provide this service.
  • Trager Massage:
    Massage that relieves tension and realigns the body by use of slow, effortless, and easy movement.
  • Trager Massage:
    Massage technique using gentle rhythmic rocking motions in order to relax the body and relieve tension from joints. Developed by Dr. Milton Trager.
  • Trichosis:
    Abnormal hair growth.
  • Triclosan:
    Broad based antibacterial agent used in many products.
  • Trigger Point Injury Massage:
    Trigger points are accumulations of waste products around a nerve receptor. To diffuse trigger points, static compression pressure is applied for 10 seconds then released, then reapplied. This action flushes the toxins and calms the nerves.
  • Triglyceride:
    Fat substance, making up about 50% of sebum.
  • Tui Na:
    Asian bodywork technique that combines the use of acupressure and massage to balance energy and flush toxins from the body.
  • Tumor:
    An abnormal mass tissue that is a result of excessive cell division; they are not functional, and may or may not be cancerous.
  • Tyrosinase:
    An enzyme that converts tyrosine into melanin.
  • Udvartina:
    A deeply penetrating and exfoliating herbal paste massage. Conditions the skin while stimulating lymph and detoxifying the tissues.
  • Ultra Sound:
    A therapy performed by a physical therapist or chiropractor using high-frequency sound waves in order to alleviate pain caused by injuries to the body. The frequency probe often incorporates heat into the process as well.
  • Underwater Massage:
    A massage performed with various water pressure jets while a person is submerged in water. See also aqua massage.
  • UV Index:
    A measurement of the sun's ultraviolet (UV) rays.
  • Vacuomobilization:
    A technique developed in France to improve skin conditions, such as wrinkles, scars or sagging, using suction cups of various strengths and sizes.
  • Vamana:
    Vomiting therapy used to eliminate toxins from stomach and thoracic cavity; rarely used.
  • Vata:
    Term for one of three Ayurvedic body functions, referring to blood, circulation, and healing. See also Doshas.
  • Vegetarian Diet:
    A dietary regime of natural foods, specifically no animal product that results from the killing of that animal. Animal by-products may or may not be included in the diet (i.e. dairy, eggs, honey).
  • Vellus:
    The fine, light-colored hair found everywhere on the body except the palms and soles.
  • Vibrissae:
    Nostril hair; should not be treated with electrolysis.
  • Vichy Shower:
    A rain-like shower that streams down from six jets over a body lying on a treatment table. Relaxing and rejuvenating on its own, but most often used in combination with massage.
  • Vichy Shower:
    A shower taken lying down on a table, usually in a "wet room" where several overhead jets release water of varying temperatures and pressures.
  • Vichy Shower:
    A cushioned mat or table with water jets suspended over head; often used in various treatments to rinse the body of mud, oils or other remnants, while also improving circulation.
  • Vishesh:
    Deep muscular massage to improve circulation and break up knots within the muscle spindles.
  • Vistasp Therapy:
    An advanced Ayurvedic (East Indian) technique that uses very precise movements to stimulate nerves and maximize the flow of nutrient rich blood to the affected areas Vistasp Therapy is different from traditional massage. The movements are very quick and exacting, directed at freeing the musculature and joints which have become immobilized over time by pain. This treatment is often taken when all other pain management therapies have been tried and have not met with success.
  • Vitamin:
    An organic molecule or substance - other than carbs, lipids, or proteins - that cannot be produced by the body.
  • Watsu:
    A shiatsu massage treatment performed in a warm pool where the therapist holds and moves the limbs of the client.
  • Watsu:
    A massage treatment that is performed with the therapist and client are in a pool of water. The technique combines shiatsu and acupressure in flowing dance-like movements where the body is supported by water and the practitioner.
  • Watsu:
    A relaxing massage treatment performed in a warm pool of water, combining shiatsu and deep tissue massage along with stretches to relieve stiffness.
  • Waxing:
    Removal of body hair using heated or cool wax and strips of cloth. Results last 3-6 weeks.
  • Waxing:
    The removal of body hair with hot wax.
  • Waxing:
    Hair removal treatment using cold or hot wax.
  • Waxing:
    Hair removal treatment using hot or cold wax.
  • Wellness Centers:
    Owned by physicians or entrepreneurs - and encompass many of the same services as the medical/hospital facilities if physician owned. If privately owned, facilities will have a licensed healthcare professional as Medical Director.
  • Wen:
    A sebaceous cyst usually found on the scalp.
  • Whirlpool:
    A tub of hot water (105-115° F) with jets of high-pressure water pumped from the sides and bottom which massage muscles and induce relaxation.
  • Whirlpool:
    A heated pool with high-pressured jets that circulate water. Jets are often focused on pressure points in order to reduce joint stiffness and muscles aches.
  • Whitehead:
    Closed comedone.
  • Yoga:
    A technique that combines properly positioned poses, focused breathing, and self-awareness. Practicing yoga can lead to better flexibility, concentration and overall health. Some of the many different types of yoga include Ashtanga, Bikram, and Hatha.
  • Yoga:
    An ancient Hindu discipline that combines deep breathing, meditation, a variety of positions used to tone, strengthen and increase the body's flexibility. It's looked upon as a philosophical approach to balancing the body and mind.
  • Yoga:
    An ancient practice that uses special positions (asanas) and breath control to stretch and tone the body, improve circulation, calm the central nervous system and induce a meditative and all-embracing state of being.
  • Yoga:
    Toning the body through various stretches and postures (see also Asanas). Involves controlled breathing and concentration that improves circulation, strength and flexibility.
  • Zen:
    A sect of Buddhism heavy into meditation. In terms of spas and wellness, it's a term associated with a calm, minimalist d'cor.